Posted on Trivia – The Spice of Life on 08/11/2022
After love and life, I feel the world is a subject on which there are different takes in film songs. Duniya (दुनिया) or the world is commented upon, in many a song. This post is devoted to songs which analyse the world as it is with no reference to the maker of the world – i.e. God or duniyabananewala. There is no attempt to seek refuge at the altar of god or rhetorically invoke God in any of the songs. These are songs which suggest that the world is as we make it. The almighty must not be dragged into the scene. The ways of the world are discussed sometimes with a lot of satire. Hypocrisy, underhand dealings, moral depravity are all spoken about. There are some songs which occasionally point out a few positive aspects. Many a song is in the form of a street or stage performance. The protagonist is not seen in some of the songs. I have included both solos and duets.
Well, I am steering clear of songs which speak of the world of love or or for that matter have anything to do with romance. I must also add here that there are some songs which discuss the ways of the world without saying so in so many words. Take for example the song Dil Ka Haal Sune Dilwaala from Shri 420 or Deewana Aadmi Ko Banati Hain Rotiyan from Kali Topi Laal Rumaal. I have included such songs too in my playlist. The lyrics are perhaps the most important in these songs as they are light hearted but hard hitting. They are dripping with sarcasm and irony.
So here is my list of the state of the world songs. These largely pertain to the golden era and are not arranged in any particular order.
1) Yeh Duniya Hain Ek Jhamela (Jhamela, 1953) Lyricist: Rajinder Krishan; Music Director : C.Ramchandra ; Playback Singer : Chitalkar (C.Ramchandra). Riding high on the success of Albela, Bhagwan tried to work the same magic in yet another movie with the same ensemble but with comparatively lesser success. The songs of this movie do not have the same recall value as those of Albela.
This light hearted song from Jhamela, the title song, presumably featuring Bhagwan (the video of the song is not available) describes the world as a jhamela (झमेला – a mess or a problem). Hoarding and parsimony, the impermanence of life and physical beauty, class differences – are of these aspects of the world all very humorously brought out in the lyrics of Rajinder Krishan.
yeh duniya hai ek jhamela chaar dinon ka hai mela kanjoos jo makhee choos ho jode baithke kaudi kaudi arre jahaan bhi ruk gayi chalte chalte beta saans ki ghodi phir saath na jaaye dhela ... motor tez chalaanewale baat yeh meri maan arre jinke paas nahi hai motor woh bhi hai insaan tu dhan daulat mein khela
2) Sambhal Ke Yeh Duniya Hai (Sitaron Se Aagey, 1958) Lyricist: Majrooh Sultanpuri; Music Director : S.D.Burman ; Playback Singer : Md. Rafi. This is a typical Rafi -Johny Walker song, with a band of pickpockets deflecting the attention of their victims. Even as they warn the people around about the wayward ways of the world, they go about their business of picking pockets. S.D.Burman’s music is top class with various instruments taking centre stage in different parts of the song. The lyrics by Majrooh Sultanpuri are light-hearted but leave you thinking. I love the way Rafi songs the line Nahin Nahin Ek Baat Kehta Hun Bhai after each gem of advice.
gagari sukhi bail pyaasa kaale megha paani de akal ka andhha gaanth ka pooraa phir koi aasaami de sambhal ke ye duniya hai nagar hoshiyaaron ka idhar aankh jhapakaayi aur udhar maal yaaron ka kab dekhi hai haathon ki toone safaayi reh jaayega raste mein deta duhaayi pukaare laakh tu saayin koi thookega kabhi naahin ye duniya hai duniya se umeed kaisi ho sakta tera dushman tera padosi nikal bhaage na gharwaali lagaakar hoth mein laali
ye saare tan ke ujle kaale hain man ke jeena hai to jee pyaare chaalaak ban ke nahin samjha agar babu to hai bilkul hi too budhhu ek baat kehta hoon bhai
3) Matlab Ki Is Duniya ( Halla Gulla, 1954) Lyricist: Saba Afghani; Music Director : Nisar Bazmi ; Playback Singers : Md. Rafi & Asha Bhosle. This was another movie produced by Bhagwaan. Such songs were the hallmark of his films. The female lead of the movie was Shakila. The video of the song is not available. It appears to be a street performance. The lyrics of the song are again have a hidden message of moving with the times.
Matlab ki is duniya ka hai ye kaisa dastur ho dukh me ho to paas rahe aur sukh me ho to dur jag me chalti ka naam gaadi jo nikal gaye aji vo sambhal gaye baithe rah gaye anadi jag me chalti ka naam gaadi rang birangi hai ye duniya tum bhi zamaane ke sath chalo nahi ruko
4) Tak Dhoom Tak Dhoom Baaje (Bambai ka Babu, 1960) Lyricist: Majrooh Sultanpuri; Music Director : S.D.Burman ; Playback Singer: Manna Dey. This is a hidden gem in a movie whose other songs became more popular. This is the only song sung by Manna Dey. Unfortunately, Manna Dey was chosen more for such songs which deprived him of opportunities to display his versatility. This tune was originally composed by S.D.Burman for a Bangla folk song Ami Takdum Takdum Bajai Bangla Desher Dhol which sings praises of Bengal. In the movie Bambai Ka Babu, S.D.Burman uses the same tune and a few of the words to weave another musical story. On screen is Dev Anand who has just been released from prison singing with his street urchin friends. He exposes the hypocrisy of the world. He also wishes that the next generation should live in a better world.
Tak dhum tak dhum baaje dunia tera dhol re jitni badi aawaz utna bada pol re dekho inhe inki sidhi hai chaal mathe pe sidha tilak laal laal daulat ka gaana bhajan ki hai taal aur karni jo puchho to bilkul hai gol re ek wo ke mahlon me mauje udaaye ek hum ke footpath par din bitaye unke to kutte bhi motor pe jaaye thokar ham khate phire banke football re humpe jo biti so biti yaha par jo mere baad honge jawa aye kash dekhe na wo ye sama...
5) Yeh Duniya Agar Mil Bhi Jaaye To Kya Hain (Pyaasa, 1957) Lyricist: Sahir Ludhianvi; Music Director : S.D.Burman ; Playback Singer: Md.Rafi. If there is one song that is dripping with irony and has the most blunt lyrics exposing the harsh contradictions of the world, then it is this. There is Rafi singing for Guru Dutt, who is presumed to be dead but appears on stage and takes everyone by surprise. The movie itself in a way is about the selfishness and hypocrisy of the world. Each accusation of the protagonist stems from his own experiences. This is one of Rafi’s best songs where there is minimum music support. It is slow and the crescendo gives you goose bumps.
Ye mahalon, ye takhton, ye taajon ki duniyaa ye inasaa ke dushman samaajon ki duniyaa ye daulat ke bhukhe rivaazon ki duniyaa ye duniyaa agar mil bhi jaaye to kyaa hai har ek jism ghaayal, har ek ruh pyaasi nigaaho me ulajhan, dilo me udaasi ye duniyaa hai yaa aalam-e-badahavaasi ye duniyaa... jahaan ik khilaunaa hai insaan ki hasti ye basti hai murdaa-paraston ki basti yahaan par to jeevan se hai maut sasti ye duniyaa ... javaani bhatakti hai badkaar banakar javaa jism sajte hai baazaar banakar jahaa pyaar hotaa hai vyaapaar banakar ye duniyaa ye duniyaa jahaan aadmi kuchh nahin hai wafaa kuchh nahin, dosti kuchh nahin hai jahaan pyaar ki kadr hi kuchh nahin hai ye duniyaa agar mil bhi jaaye to kyaa hai jalaa do, jalaa do ise phuk daalo ye duniyaa mere saamane se hataa lo ye duniyaa tumhaari hai tum hi sambhalo ye duniyaa
6) Dil Ka Haal Sune Dilwaala (Shree 420, 1955) Lyricist: Shailendra; Music Directors : Shankar Jaikishan ; Playback Singer: Manna Dey. This song like the one from Bambai Ka Babu is sung by Manna Dey. While it is Raj Kapoor pouring his heart out, it is also a commentary on the ways of the world without using the word duniya or jag. Nepotism, class differences, poverty, corruption – all of them are highlighted in a satirical fashion as Raj Kapoor entertains the other street dwellers, playing the dafli and singing, much to the annoyance of the Sethji who fumes. The crowd around completely empathises as they have had the same experiences.
Dil ka haal sune dilwaala seedhi si baat na mirch masala kahke rahega kahne waala hay karoon kya soorat aisi gaanth ke poore chor ke jaisi chalta firta jaan ke ek dil bin dekhe pahchaan ke ek din baandh ke le gaya policewala... budhe daroga ne chashme se dekha aage se dekha peeche se dekha upar se dekha neeche se dekha bole ye kya kar baithe ghotaala hai ye kya kar baithe ghotaala ye to hai thaanedaar kaa saala...
7) Deewaana Aadmi Ko Banaati Hain Rotiyan (Kali Topi Laal Rumaal, 1959) Lyricist: Majrooh Sultanpuri; Music Director : Chitragupt ; Playback Singer: Md.Rafi. This song which shows the mastery of Majrooh Sultanpuri is perhaps the best way of showing how hunger, poverty and greed are the main driving forces of this world. People end up doing what they may not want to actually do, only to fulfil their basic needs. And then there is the avaricious, unethical and overambitious lot which wants to exploit every situation for personal gain; thus, the dream to reach the moon too is because there are opportunities to exploit there as well!!The song is sung by Agha on screen accompanied by a distraught and shocked KumKum.
Tujh ko patey ki baat bataaun main jaaneman kyun chaand par pahunchne ki insaan ko hai lagan insaan ko chaand mein nazar aati hain rotiyaan nazar aati hain rotiyaan
8) Ajab Hai Is Duniya Ke Raaz (Dark Street, 1961) Lyricist: Gulshan Bawra; Music Director : Dattaram Wadkar ; Playback Singer: Geeta Dutt. The video of the song is not available. From the tone and tenor, it appears to be a street performance. I wonder why the movie was called Dark Street. The name is rather off beat. It speaks of how people take to flattery especially if the other person is rich.
Ajab hain is duniya ke raaz jo bhi mile wo maskebaaz lagaate jaayen maska aur khaate jaayen maska nagad naarayan paas hai jab tak dete hain jhuk jhuk log salaami paisa hai ustaad sabhi ka karte hain sab paise ki ghulaami
9) Yeh Hain Duniya Ka Bazaar (Bazaar, 1949) Lyricist: Qamar Jalalabadi; Music Director : Shyam Sunder ; Playback Singer: Md.Rafi. This song is a street performance, featuring Shyam, the male lead of the film. This is also the title song of the movie. It speaks again of materialism winning over everything else. The tune of this song reminds me somewhat of the song Mere Sapnon Ki Rani (Shah Jahan, 1946). This song, however, mentions that the world has both joy and sorrow.
Yeh hai duniya ka baazaar is baazaar mein dekha aa humne hansne rone ka vyopaar kahin milen aansu ki ladiyaan kahin milen aasha ke haar kahin dard kahin pyaar kahin jeet kahin haar ye hai duniya ka baazaar aji aapse miliye aap kaun hain shehar ke bade raees kaam aapka jeb kaatna naam chaar sau bees four twenty inse bachke raho sarkaar ke ye hain choron ke sarkaar ye hai duniya ka baazar
10) Duniya Ka Maza Le Lo (Bahaar, 1951) Lyricist: Rajinder Krishan; Music Director : S.D.Burman; Playback Singer: Shamshad Begum. Marking the debut of Vyjantimala in the Hindi film industry, this movie had some wonderful songs. Geeta Dutt and Shamshad Begum are the two female playback singers of the movie. Shamshad’s voice however does not seem to suit Vyjantimala. The song nevertheless is a gem with very upbeat lyrics by Rajinder Krishan. For a change, this song is all about the world being a good place when offence is adopted as the best form of defence. The song at hand is a stage performance featuring Vyjantimala.
Duniyaa kaa mazaa le lo duniyaa tumhaari hai duniyaa ko laat maaro duniyaa salaam kare mud mud salaam kare jhuk jhuk salaam kare bich bich salaam kare kabhi namaste ji to kabhi raam raam kare duniya ke baap ho to tum duniyaa se daroge to duniyaa dabaayegi aankhen dikhaayegi rob jamaayegi ji hansi udaayegi chain naa lene degi jaan jalaayegi taan ke seenaa chalo
This ends my list of ten songs that speak of the world as it, without window dressing or blaming the creator. These are not euthanasic. The lyrics of the songs are laced with humour and irony. And the intent is to live, fight and reform.
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